How to "force" China's textile economy in 2008
Gross domestic product growth of 11.4 per cent, what does this speed mean for the textile and clothing industry? The downward trend of the United States, Japan and Europe will bring to textile and apparel enterprises. How should enterprises respond to the increased energy conservation and emission reduction? What are the difficulties for enterprises in the adjustment of trade policy?
Recently held "ZhongFang BBS 2008 annual meeting of the round table", in 2007 China's textile based on economic development, put forward the major problems affecting textile economy in 2008, and the 2008 industry development trend is forecasted. Economic high growth consumption "head"
GDP in 2007 reached 642.9 billion, up 11.4% from a year earlier, the national bureau of statistics chief economist yao jingyuan think that the growth rate has two meanings: first, the growth rate of 11.4 is since 1995, China's economy is the highest annual growth rate. In the second place, from 1990 to the present of 17 years, annual growth rate in more than 10% of China's economy, last time more than 5 years only two: one is from 1992 to 1996, and another is from 2003 to 2007. In addition, in 2007 there was an important welcome changes, "three carriages" role in the economy, the investment of the first, second consumption, export third, great changes have taken place in 2007. Of the economy's growth rate of 11.4%, 2.7 per cent was driven by exports, 4.3 per cent by investment and 4.4 per cent on consumption. This suggests that for the first time in years, consumption was the first to contribute to overall economic growth. And in terms of unit energy consumption, 2007 has declined significantly from 2006, which means that the growth pattern of the whole economy is changing.
The textile industry faces three big uncertainties
"The economic development of the United States, Japan and Europe this year may be a downward trend," predicts zhang yansheng, director of the institute of external economics of the national development and reform commission.
What pressure will this bring to the textile industry? Zhang yansheng's analysis, first of all, after the conclusion of the sino-us agreement, the textile industry's tendency to face trade protectionism and the possibility of trade frictions, it is hard to say whether it will be greater than the previous years. Second, this year's appreciation is a trend. Because this year the pressure is still a lot of international payments, China's trade surplus was $262.2 billion last year, the balance of payments of the project, including foreign exchange reserve, capital and financial projects are on the rise, in this case, the yuan, appreciate a lot of pressure. Thirdly, the adjustment of foreign trade policy, the implementation of "two high capital" and other policies will have a greater impact on the textile industry. In 2008, there was a significant increase in all kinds of uncertainties. For the textile industry, the pressure of adjustment was also significantly increased, and the situation in the textile industry was more serious. Fifth, we will vigorously promote energy conservation and emission reduction
2007 national energy conservation and emissions reduction work target is 2007 yuan GDP energy consumption reduced by 4%, the discharge of major pollutants reduced by 2%, "the goal of emission reduction has been achieved, but the goal of energy saving has not reached 4%, therefore, in 2008, is the realization of" 11th five-year plan "energy conservation and emissions reduction targets" very critical year, ring endowment department, deputy director of the national development and reform commission (NDRC) Zhou Changyi stressed that "if this year's energy conservation and emissions reduction targets to finish again, achieve the goal of" 11th five-year plan "is a bit of a problem." Mr Zhou said the country's work on energy conservation and emission reduction would be further intensified this year. First, the assessment of target accountability will increase. At present the energy conservation and emissions reduction responsibility has been assigned to the various provinces and cities and even specific to the enterprise, national assessment of strength is very big, the state council on how to review the special issued documents, put forward a series of appraisal methods. Second, the efforts to eliminate backward production capacity will increase. Third, the new projects, such as energy consumption, land, water consumption and environmental protection, will be strengthened, and the threshold for new projects will be higher. Fourth, investment in energy conservation and emission reduction has been further intensified. Fifth, relevant policies have been intensified, including the elimination of backward production capacity and the establishment of some exit mechanisms. In addition, the price reform of resource products, including import and export policies, will contribute to energy conservation and emission reduction.
Zhou changyi suggested that the textile industry should be audited or audited for cleaner production. The power consumption, steam consumption and water consumption of the textile industry are relatively large, and the energy saving and transformation of the electricity and water system should be made to recycle wastewater. Zhou changyi introduced the national policy to support energy conservation and emission reduction projects. Last year, the government allocated 7 billion yuan for energy conservation, saving a ton of standard coal, and the state paid 200 yuan to 250 yuan. Enterprises implement pollution control projects, and the state also has financial aid. Three prominent contradictions are plaguing small and medium-sized enterprises
A number of backbone enterprises have become the main force of domestic and foreign competition in the textile industry, and a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises are faced with the arduous task of further structural adjustment and industrial restructuring.
According to statistics from January to November 2007, the average profit of 43309 textile enterprises was 3.97%. There are 3,069 businesses with a profit margin of more than 10%, accounting for 7.01% of the industry. The average profit margin of 3.97 per cent, accounting for 31.48 per cent, was 81.19 per cent, with an average profit margin of 8.43 per cent. In the whole industry, 68.52% of enterprises, with an average profit of 0.73%, accounted for 65% of the industry.
Vice President of China textile industry association Xu Kun yuan pointed out that the above data shows that a third of the backbone enterprises with strong core competitiveness, market both at home and abroad have good products and brands, high value-added, benefit is better also, become the mainstay industry. And two-thirds of the enterprises, because the product has no features, in the fierce market competition, has no advantage, the benefit is poor. There are three outstanding contradictions in the two/three enterprises and industries: the production capacity of similar products and the contradiction of market constraints; Personalized, fashionable, functional consumption trends and product structural contradictions; The rapid increase in production costs and the market price can not deliver the contradiction. These companies face further restructuring and restructuring. "The national development and reform commission (NDRC) conducted a survey of trade policy adjustments last year and found that smes were mainly responsible for adjusting the pressure and cost of trade policies." "Said zhang yansheng.
Sun huaibin, director of the China center for textile and economic research, believes that market differentiation and corporate differentiation in the textile industry are increasing. In particular, some small and medium-sized enterprises, due to the excessive concentration of policy costs and the pressure of factor costs, make their survival a great difficulty. How to develop small and medium-sized enterprises is a very big topic for textile industry in 2008.
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